Tag archives for Research Articles

A programme evaluation of ‘Exploring Our Strengths and Our Future’: Making sport relevant to the educational, social, and emotional needs of youth

Community violence negatively impacts the educational, social, and emotional needs of youth, particularly those living in under-resourced communities. Social and environmental influences can help youth develop resilience to this pervasive, destructive cycle of community violence. A particularly effective approach is programming that fosters positive youth development (PYD), which prepares youth to successfully adapt and function in the midst of ongoing stress and adversity such as community violence. This study examined Exploring Our Strengths and Our Future, a sport-based PYD programme empowering middle school youth to engage in their own strength-based, holistic development through sport, with a particular focus on education and career exploration and development. The purpose of this study was to examine connections between participant outcomes and programme implementation of this sport-based PYD programme, which used the Teaching Personal and Social Responsibility (TPSR) model. This programme was evaluated through multiple methods, including observational field notes, interviews, and written reflections that were analysed with deductive and inductive analysis strategies. Results suggested that meaningful life skills were learned and transferred to other domains. This was accomplished through an intentional programme climate (e.g., youth-centred philosophy, and task-oriented climate), effective leader and mentor strategies (e.g., relationships and engagement), and valuable campus visits.

A systematic overview of sport for development and peace organisations

The boundaries of Sport for Development and Peace (SDP) encompass many stakeholders attempting to leverage sport for achieving various development outcomes. This has attracted researchers to systematically review the SDP literature during recent years. What remains largely unknown, however, is where SDP organisations are located, what these efforts are focused upon, and the sport and physical activities used to deliver such programming. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to review SDP practice and provide an overview of the current state of the field. A total of 955 entities involved in SDP grassroots practice were identified based on a systematic review of 3,138 organisational entries in SDP databases. The majority of organisations operate programmes in Africa, but hundreds of entities are also found across Europe, North America, Asia, and Latin America. Of these, more than 80% are headquartered within the same region. Education, Livelihoods, and Health emerged as the most common thematic areas, while Disability and Gender were the least represented. A total of 32 types of sports were identified, with one-third relying solely on football. Implications of these findings for SDP practice and research are further discussed.

Rugby union driven migration as a means for sustainable livelihoods creation: A case study of iTaukei, indigenous Fijians

Due to their sporting potential, young Fijian rugby athletes have become a highly sought-after sport migrant group. For many Fijian families, rugby-generated remittances are a critical step towards income security and can contribute towards achieving social and economic development goals at the household and community level. Despite the prospect that migrant athletes should be able to dramatically improve their economic positioning and that of their family back home, the promise and opportunities do not seem to be fully realised, especially in the longer term. By drawing on survey findings of 70 Fijian athletes, as well as fieldwork undertaken in Fiji and New Zealand, where 33 in-depth interviews occurred, this paper asks: What is the potential development impact of rugby-generated remittances for iTaukei, indigenous Fijian families and what are some of the challenges athletes and/or their families face ensuring any gains make a difference in the longer term? Findings suggest that for many athletes and their families, rugby-generated remittances make a significant contribution, which enables them to meet consumption needs and wants and allows for capital accumulation (tangible and intangible). Thus the potential development impact is seen to be substantial. However, cultural expectations and often related high demands from family, poor financial literacy and limited business opportunities at home are some of the things impacting any sustained effect. The uneven playing field and politics of the rugby landscape were also raised as areas of concern when thinking about rugby as a sustainable livelihoods option for iTaukei.

The social, cultural, and historical complexities that shape and constrain (gendered) space in an SDP organisation in Colombia

Recent research on the role of ‘safe space’ within Sport for Development and Peace (SDP) shows that the social inclusion of young women in traditionally male sporting spaces may shift who can comfortably access and shape public spaces. Framing safe space as a social construction and a dynamic process, and drawing from six months of ethnographic research conducted in two volatile neighbourhoods with a Colombian SDP organisation, this paper will explore the social, cultural and historical complexities that shape and constrain safe space. It will argue that while the SDP organisation’s ability to adapt to change and resign control makes it accessible to the local community, the positioning of both the organisation and participants simultaneously permits the continuation of gendered space. This data is then analysed through Spaaij and Schulenkorf’s multi-dimensional interpretation of safe space. In conclusion, further research about the physical and psycho-social barriers that constrain females from participating in SDP programming is suggested.

Volume 5, Issue 8 published

The Journal of Sport for Development (JSFD) is pleased to announce the publication of its eighth issue. JSFD’s mission is to examine, advance and disseminate evidence, best practices, and lessons learned from Sport for Development programmes and interventions. JSFD is the first peer-reviewed, open-access journal devoted to exclusively publishing research from the field of Sport for Development.

Yielding healthy community with sport?

Research has linked an enhanced sense of community to sport programme retention, while literature outside of sport suggest increased sense of community is linked to improved health. Consequently, the purpose of this study was to better understand the association between sport communities and health behaviours and health role modelling outcomes. Athletes and non-athletes were surveyed to better understand the unique contributions sport participation might have on health-related outcomes. Surveys included demographic information, the 21-item Sense of Community in Sport scale, and various health behaviours and outcomes. Surveys were completed by 458 athletes and 323 university social organisation members (i.e., fraternities and sororities) in the United States. The results provided limited support for the positive influence of sense of community on health-related outcomes and indicated that athletes reported higher levels of sense of community (M = 75.17, SD = 10.158) than university social organisations participants (M = 72.17, SD = 12.134). When controlling for sense of community, surveyed athletes were more likely to engage in healthier behaviours (i.e., binge drink less, consider themselves role models in terms of exercise, maintain a balanced diet, and use less tobacco). This work highlights the community characteristics found in sport settings that can contribute to positive health outcomes.

Sport for development for Aboriginal youth in Canada: A scoping review

Kevin Gardam1, Audrey R. Giles2, Lyndsay M.C. Hayhurst3 1Department of Health Sciences, Lakehead University 2School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa 3School of Kinesiology and Health Science, York University Corresponding author email: agiles@uottowa.ca Citation: Gardam, K., Giles, A., Hayhurst, M.C. Sport for development for Aboriginal youth in Canada: A scoping review. Journal of Sport for […]

“Leadership and empowerment through sport”: The intentions, hopes, ambitions and reality of creating a sport-for-development organisation in Cape Town

David Meir1 1 University Center Blackburn College, School of Health, Science and Technology Corresponding author email: david.meir@blackburn.ac.uk Citation: Meir, D. “Leadership and empowerment through sport”: The intentions, hopes, ambitions and reality of creating a sport-fordevelopment organisation in Cape Town. Journal of Sport for Development. 2017;5(8):19-29. Download article as PDF ABSTRACT Leadership and Empowerment through Sport […]

‘They don’t see my disability anymore’ – The outcomes of sport for development programmes in the lives of people in the Pacific

Alexandra Devine1, Aleisha Carrol2, Sainimili Naivalu3, Senmilia Seru3, Sally Baker1, Belinda Bayak-Bush2,Kathryn James2, Lousie Larcombe1, Tarryn Brown2, Manjula Marella1 1Nossal Institute for Global Health, University of Melbourne 2CBM Australia 3Fiji Disabled People’s Association Corresponding author email: devinea@unimelb.edu.au Download article as PDF ABSTRACT In many settings, people with disabilities are marginalised from the socio-economic activities of […]

Volume 4, Issue 7 published

Publication of Volume 4, Issue 7 The Journal of Sport for Development (JSFD) is pleased to announce the publication of its seventh Issue. Click here to download the full issue (PDF, 2.6mb) JSFD’s mission is to examine, advance and disseminate evidence, best practices, and lessons learned from Sport for Development programmes and interventions. JSFD is […]

‘A phone call changed my life’: Exploring the motivations of sport for development and peace scholars

Jon Welty Peachey1, Adam Cohen2, Allison Musser1 1University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Department of Recreation, Sport and Tourism 2University of Technology Sydney, Management Discipline Group Corresponding author email: jwpeach@illinois.edu Citation: Welty Peachey, J., Cohen, A., Musser, A. ‘A phone call changed my life’: Exploring the motivations of sport for development and peace scholars. Journal of […]

Examining the role of life skills developed through Salvadoran physical education programs on the prevention of youth violence

James Mandigo1, John Corlett2, Pedro Ticas3 1Brock University, Centre for Healthy Development through Sport and Physical Activity 2MacEwan University, Vice President Academic and Provost 3Univerdisad Pedagogica de El Salvador, Department of Research Corresponding author email: jmandigo@brocku.ca Citation: Mandigo, J., Corlett, J., Ticas, P. Examining the role of life skills developed through Salvadoran physical education programs […]

Called to serve: Exploring servant leadership in the context of sport-for-development

Janelle E. Wells1, Jon Welty Peachey2 1University of South Florida, Department of Marketing, Sport & Entertainment Management 2University of Illinois, Department of Recreation, Sport & Tourism Corresponding author email: janellew@usf.edu Citation: Wells, J.E., Welty Peachey, J. Called to serve: Exploring servant leadership in the context of sport-for-development. Journal of Sport for Development. 2016;4(7):12-24 Download article […]

Challenges and strategies for success of a sport-for-development programme for First Nations, Métis and Inuit youth

Tanya Halsall1, Tanya Forneris2 1Department of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa 2Health and Exercise Sciences, University of British Columbia Corresponding author email: twitt081@uottawa.ca Citation: Halsall, T., Forneris, T. Challenges and strategies for success of a sport-for-development programme for First Nations, Métis and Inuit youth. Journal of Sport for Development. 2016;4(7):39-57 Download article as PDF ABSTRACT […]

Volume 4, Issue 6 Published

Publication of Volume 4, Issue 6 The Journal of Sport for Development (JSFD) is pleased to announce the publication of its sixth Issue. Click here to download the full issue (PDF, 1.3mb) JSFD’s mission is to examine, advance and disseminate evidence, best practices, and lessons learned from Sport for Development programmes and interventions. JSFD is […]

Exploring stakeholders’ experiences of implementing an ice hockey programme for Inuit youth

Corliss Bean1, Tanya Forneris1 1University of Ottawa, Department of Human Kinetics Corresponding author email: cbean@uottawa.ca Citation: Bean, C., Forneris, T. Exploring stakeholders’ experiences of implementing an ice hockey programme for Inuit youth. Journal of Sport for Development. 2016;4(6):7-20 Download article as PDF Abstract The Nunavik Youth Hockey Development Program (NYHDP) is a sport-for-development programme designed […]

Soccer for Peace in Jordan: A qualitative assessment of program impact on coaches

Jacob W. Cooper1, Lindsey C. Blom2, Lawrence H. Gerstein3, Dorice A. Hankemeier4, Tacianna P. Indovina3 1 Ball State University, School of Physical Education, Sport, Exercise Science & Boston University 2 Ball State University, School of Physical Education, Sport, Exercise Science, Sport & Exercise Psychology, Center for Peace and Conflict Studies 3 Ball State University, Center […]

A systematic review of the mental health impacts of sport and physical activity programmes for adolescents in post-conflict settings

Alexander Hamilton1, Charlie Foster1, Justin Richards2 1British Heart Foundation Centre on Population Approaches to Non-Communicable Disease Prevention, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford 2 Prevention Research Collaboration, School of Public Health and Charles Perkins Centre, University of Sydney Corresponding author email: alexander.hamilton@stx.ox.ac.uk Citation: Hamilton, A.; Foster, C.; Richards, J. A systematic review of […]

The influence of sport participation on quality of life perceptions among inmates in Nigerian prisons

Ayobami Honestus Obadiora1 1 Obafemi Awolowo University, Department of Physical and Health Education Corresponding author email: ayobadiora@yahoo.com Citation: Obadiora, A.H. The influence of sport participation on quality of life perceptions among inmates in Nigerian prisons. Journal of Sport for Development. 2016; 4(6):36-43. Download article as PDF Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate […]

Volume 3; Issue 5 Published

Publication of Volume 3, Issue 5 The Journal of Sport for Development (JSFD) is pleased to announce the publication of its fifth Issue, a Special Issue entitled Disability Sport: Changing Lives, Changing Perceptions. Dr. Ian Brittain and Eli Wolff served as Editors for this Special Issue. Click here to download the full issue (PDF, 4.7mb) JSFD’s […]

Developing Disability Sport: The case for a critical pedagogy

Aaron Beacom1, Gill Golder1 1 Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences, University of St Mark & St John Corresponding author email: abeacom@marjon.ac.uk Citation: Beacom, A., Golder, G. Developing Disability Sport: The case for a critical pedagogy. Journal of Sport for Development. 2015; 3(5): 71-88. Download article as PDF Abstract As a key stakeholder in the […]

Sport in the Lives of Young People with Intellectual Disabilities: Negotiating Disability, Identity and Belonging

Louisa Smith1, Nikki Wedgwood2, Gwynnyth Llewellyn2, Russell Shuttleworth3 1 School of Social Sciences, University of New South Wales 2 Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney 3 School of Health and Social Development, Deakin University Corresponding author email: nicole.wedgwood@sydney.edu.au Citation: Smith, L., Wegwood, N., Llewellyn, G., Shuttleworth. R. Sport in the Lives of Young People […]

Rio 2016 and disability – an analysis of the Sport-For-Development discourse and the legacies for disabled people

Leonardo Mataruna1, Daniel Range1, Andressa Guimaraes2, Thiago Melo2 1Centre for Trust, Peace and Social Relation, Coventry University 2Federal University of Rio de Janeiro and Coventry University (Carnival Project) Corresponding author email: mataruna@gmail.com Citation: Mataruna, L., Range, D., Guimaraes, A., Melo, T. Rio 2016 and disability – an analysis of the Sport-For-Development discourse and the legacies […]

The role of Special Olympics in promoting social inclusion: An examination of stakeholder perceptions

Chiaki Inoue1, Tanya Forneris1 1 School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa Corresponding author email: tanya.forneris@uottawa.ca Citation: Inoue, C., Forneris, T. The role of Special Olympics in promoting social inclusion: An examination of stakeholder perceptions. Journal of Sport for Development. 2015; 3(5): 23-34. Download article as PDF Abstract In recent years, there has been an […]

Paralympic Sport as a Vehicle for Social Change in Bermuda and Ghana

Forber-Pratt, A.J.1 1 Vanderbilt University, Department of Human & Organizational Development Corresponding author email: anjali.forber.pratt@vanderbilt.edu Citation: Forber-Pratt., A.J. Paralympic Sport as a Vehicle for Social Change in Bermuda and Ghana. Journal of Sport for Development. 2015; 3(5): 35-49. Download article as PDF Abstract Background: Sport for persons with disabilities provides health, psychosocial well-being, and quality of […]